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Nepal Disaster Profile

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UNDP Human Development Index Ranking - 132/162

General information

Text source: National Geographic Atlas of the World, Seventh Edition, 1999

Area: 140,797 sq km (54,362 sq mi)
Population: 24,303,000
Capital: Kathmandu 421,000
Religion: Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim
Language: Nepali, 20 other languages
Literacy: 28%
Life expectancy: 58 years
GDP per capita: $1,370

Economy

Ind: Tourism, carpet, textiles, small mills, cigarettes.
Agr: Rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane; milk, water buffalo.
Exp: Carpets, clothing, leather goods, jute goods, grain.

Disasters 1975-2001


Nepal Events % of total events Killed % of total killed Affected % of total affected
Drought/famines 3 1.69 18 0.01 25,002,000 7.41
Earthquakes 4 2.26 29 0.02 16,500 0.00
Epidemics 24 13.56 9,974 5.55 2,707,867 0.80
Floods 48 27.12 9,908 5.52 268,459,401 79.59
Wind Storms 85 48.02 158,669 88.36 41,074,870 12.18
Other 13 7.34 977 0.54 48,010 0.01
TOTAL 177 100 179,575 100 337,308,648 100
Data source: Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED)


Types of Hazards: Drought/famines, Earthquakes, Epidemics, Floods and Wind Storms
Largest killer: Wind Storms (88.36%, as a % of people killed due to disasters)
Most occurring disaster: Wind Storms (48.02%, as a % of all disasters)
Largest affecter: Floods (79.59%, as a % of all affected)
Annual frequency of all disasters: 6.56
Annual frequency of wind storms: 3.15
Annual frequency of floods: 1.78