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Nepal: An Introduction

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regionnepal.jpg Nepal lies in the middle portion of the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region. A combination of rugged topography, high relief, active tectonic process and intense monsoon rain makes this fragile environment vulnerable to hazards and disasters, mainly floods.

The Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters recorded 4,317 deaths due to floods during the period 1975-2001 in 20 flood events in Nepal. The annual frequency for floods is 0.74, meaning that there is 74% chance that a flood will occur every year. About 80% of the rains in this country occurs during June-September every year.

Flood Mitigation Works in Nepal

  • River Control Policy
  • Watershed Development Policy
  • National Water Resources Strategy Formulation
  • Formulation of a Comprehensive River Law

Organisations involved in Flood Mitigation

  • Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)
  • Ministry of Local Development (MLD)
  • Department of Irrigation (DOI)
  • Department of Water Induced Disaster Prevention (DWIDP)
  • Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management (DSCWM)
  • Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM)
  • Local Governmenmt Institutions (LGI)
  • External Support Agencies
    • Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
    • United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
    • Lutheran World Service (LWS)
    • German Technical Cooperation (GTZ)
    • OXFAM
    • Cooperation for American Relief Everywhere (CARE)
    • United Mission to Nepal (UMN)
    • UNDP
    • Save the Children Fund (SCF)
    • District Level Programmes, implemented by DOI through the Irrigation and River Training Committees (IRTC)