Nepal lies in the middle portion of the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region. A combination of rugged topography, high relief, active tectonic process and intense monsoon rain makes this fragile environment vulnerable to hazards and disasters, mainly floods.
The Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters recorded 4,317 deaths due to floods during the period 1975-2001 in 20 flood events in Nepal. The annual frequency for floods is 0.74, meaning that there is 74% chance that a flood will occur every year. About 80% of the rains in this country occurs during June-September every year.
Flood Mitigation Works in Nepal
- River Control Policy
- Watershed Development Policy
- National Water Resources Strategy Formulation
- Formulation of a Comprehensive River Law