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India Disaster Profile

UNDP Human Development Index Ranking - 115

General information

Area: 3,287,590 sq km 
Population: 1,045,845,226 (July 2002 est.)
Capital: New Delhi
Religion: Hindu 81.3%, Muslim 12%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other groups including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi 2.5%
Language: Hindu is the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language
Literacy: 56.5 %
Life expectancy: 62.9 years

GDP per capita: $ 2,248


Ind: Textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software
Agr: Rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry; fish
Exp: Textile goods, gems and jewelry, engineering goods, chemicals, leather manufactures 

Natural Disasters

Disaster Date Killed
Epidemic 1920 2,000,000
Drought 1942 1,500,000
Epidemic 1907 1,300,000
Drought 1900 1,250,000
Drought 1966 500,000
Drought 1967 500,000
Epidemic 1920 500,000
Drought 1965 500,000
Epidemic 1926 423,000
Epidemic 1924 300,000


Disaster Date Affected
Drought 1987 300,000,000
Drought Nov-1979 190,000,000
Flood 7-Jul-1993 128,000,000
Drought Jun-1982 100,000,000
Drought 11-Apr-1983 100,000,000
Drought 1972 100,000,000
Drought 1973 100,000,000
Drought Apr-2000 90,000,000
Drought 1965 50,000,000
Drought 1966 50,000,000
Data source: Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED)

Types of Hazards: droughts; flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains; severe thunderstorms; earthquakes