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India: An Introduction

The Indian sub-continent as it is often referred to as, is situated in South Asia between latitudes 20 00 N and longitudes 77 00 E. It has many superlatives to its credit such as being the biggest peninsula, worlds the largest democracy and the second most populated country in the world, next only to China. Covering an area of 3,287,590 sq. km, India shares its borders with Pakistan, Nepal, China, Bangladesh, Burma and Bhutan. It is covered by water on three sides, with the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Indian Ocean in the south. Its vast population speaks over 1500 languages and dialects. At present the Republic of India comprises 25 states and 7 Union Territories. Geographically and climatically too the country is very diverse, ranging from snow capped Himalayas in the north, tropical maritime climate in the south, desert in the west, alluvial plains in the east and a plateau in the central region. The Ganges rising in the Himalayas end in the Bay of Bengal and are the life source the people in the north. The country on the whole has four seasons- winters, summers, spring and the monsoonal rains.

Different parts of India are affected by the different calamities such as floods, tropical cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, hailstorms, avalanches, fires and accidents from time to time.



Organizations involved in Flood Mitigation