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Flood Events Archive: 2000

BANGLADESH

Sn Areas affected Dates Notes
1 Districts: Jhenaidah, Chuadanga, Shariatpur, Rangpur, Gaibandha, Bogra, Rajshahi, Manikganj, Kushtia, Chapainawabganj, Jessore, Magura, Satkhira and Meherpur. Towns: Rajshahi, Kurigram. Rivers: Padma Surma and Kushiyara. 09/18/00 - 10/21/00  110 died, 4,000,000 displaced; several million dollars worth of property and crops destroyed;
 
"Flooding is common in the eastern India and Bangladesh at this time of year, but it is usually not as extensive or sudden." ... "Besides the flash floods triggered by incessant torrential storms, the disaster is also man made. Sluice gates of at least three dams were opened to stop the water barriers from bursting. This not only worsened the situation in West Bengal but the overspill of water entered the neighboring Bangladesh rendering nearly 100,000 people homeless" ... "The floodwaters have drowned much of the Indian-Bangladesh border under 10 feet (3 meters) of water." -- Bangladesh: "The week-long floods have inundated the country's 10 western border districts, spared from devastating floods in 1998 when more than 1,200 people died. "
2 Districts: Kurigram, Gaibandha, Lalmonirhat, Sylhet, Dhaka, Manikganj, Munshiganj, Narayanganj and Narsingdi. Rivers: Brahmaputra, Jamuna and its tributaries; Padma, Surma and Kushiyara. 08/02/00 - 08/29/00 31 dead; 1,000,000 displaced

The flood that hit 4 cpountries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal lasted for 28 days and affected 324,400 sq kms of area affecting more than 3 million people.

3 Northern Bangladesh: Kurigram district, Rangpur region; Rivers: Darala, Brahmaputra. -- Southeast Bangladesh: city of Chittagong and in the neighbouring areas of Cowkbazar, Mirzapool, Katalganj, Rahmatganj, Chaktai, Halishahr, Bakalia, Chandgaon, Pahartoli, Hathazari, Patiya, Satkania and Keranirhat. Bramputra River 06/19/00 - 06/25/00 14 dead; 20,000 displaced; 17,000 sq kms affected.
 
150 mud-thatch huts swept away by the Darala River, "At least 30 villages have been submerged in the Kurigram district, 240 kilometers north of the capital, Dhaka, according to the Flood Warning Center in Dhaka", 237 millimeters of rain recorded in 4 days -- No suitable AVHRR or Landsat7 data located
4 Northeastern Bangladesh: Moulavibazar District; subdistricts of Kulaura, Komolganj, and Rajnagar. Rivers: Kushiara, Manu and Dholai. -- Southeastern Bangladesh districts: Khagrachari, Bandarban, Dhaka, Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Comilla, Mymenshingh, Tangail, Chandpur, Kishoreganj, and Rangamati. Rivers: Sangu and Matamuhuri. 05/27/00 - 06/19/00 36 dead; 10,000 displaced; 17,000 sq kms affected.
 
Flooding due to heavy monsoonal rains, flash floods. -- Monsoon starting early this year -- No suitable AVHRR or Landsat7 data located

BHUTAN

Sn Areas affected Dates Notes
1 Townships: Phuentsholing, Chukha. Villages: Pasakha, Rivers: Brahmaputra, Varsha. -- Nepal - Districts: Bhadrapur, Nawalparasi, Kailali. Villages: Dhajaha, Narayanpur. Rivers: Ratuwa, Narayani, Karnali. -- see also DFO-2000061 and DFO-2000031
 
08/02/00 - 08/29/00
 
200 dead
: "the landslides blocked nearly the country's entire road network"
-- August 21 - 
 

CHINA

Sn Areas affected Dates Notes
1 Hainan Province - 610 villages in northern and eastern areas including Qionghai, Wenchang, and Ding'an. -- Guangdong Province - Xuwen County 10/12/00 - 10/17/00   10 dead, 200,000 displaced; 11,170 sq kms affected
 
A total of 600 millimetres of rain fell on many eastern and northern areas from October 11-16, causing flash floods and landslides in some of the worst rainstorms to hit the island for at least 50 years"  -- No suitable Modis 250m, Modis 9 or Landsat7 data located
2 Guangdong Province - Shaoguan city area, cities of Chaozhou and Jieyang. Beijiang River. -- Hunan Province - southern area. Chenzhou city 09/01/00 - 09/05/00  47 dead; 46,000 displaced; 25,900 sq kms affected
 
Guangdong: "Dozens of reservoirs overflowed, hundreds of dikes were damaged and more than 200 hectares of farmland were flooded ... Total rainfall reached 163 millimetres in some areas, with streets in the cities of Chaozhou and Jieyang under 1 metre of water on Sunday and Monday"  -- In Hunan province the storm causes flash floods and landslides. -- No suitable Modis 9 data located
3 Tibet Autonomous Region - Counties: Gyangze and Bainang. Xigaze City. Nyangqu River 08/28/33 - 09/04/00  1300 displaced; 9,210 sq kms affected
 
"Water in the Nyangqu River rose and exceeded the warning level on August 28. Over 120-meter breach along the dike in the Bainang county inundated over 333 hectares of farmland in the county, and over 600 families were affected. " 
4 Hubei Province: Enshi district. -- Sichuan Province: Dazhou city and Chongqing municipality. -- Shaanxi Province: Counties: Ziyang, Huxian, Hu; Rivers: Ren, Han. -- Henan Province: Pingdingshan and Nanyang cities. 06/30/00 - 07/27/00 65 dead; 88,000 displaced; 108,000 sq kms affected
 
Yangtze River first flood crest of the season passed Yichang City site of Three Gorges Dam (news report dated July 6)  -- ~200 people in Shaanxi province were killed 07/10 - 07/11/00 in rain-triggered landslides.
5 Fujian Province: Longhai County; Cities: Quanzhou, Zhangzhou and Xiamen. -- Jiangxi Province: Eight counties; Cities: Gangzhou 06/17/00 - 06/28/00 28 dead; 31,000 displaced; 76,000 sq kms affected
 
Fujian Province: "35 counties in the province have received more than 100 millimeters (four inches) of rain over the past two days" "12.6 inches of rain that fell Sunday on the Fujian port of Xiamen were the most since meteorological records began being kept 108 years ago" Flooding in this province ended
6 Gansu Province - Counties: Dangchang and Minxian ; district of Longnan; River: Minjiang. -- Sichuan Province - Counties: Gulin and Xuyong. -- Guizhou Province - town and county of Duyun 05/31/00 - 06/18/00 94 dead; 8.725 displaced; 114,000 sq kms affected
 
Flooding in Gansu Province occurred on 05/31/00: " in Awu township... the River Ming flowed at a record 677 cubic metres per second, the highest flow measurement for 150 years" -- Sichuan Province flooding and landslides on 06/07/00: "Hail, flooding and landslides have devastated areas in Gulin and Xuyong counties... since the beginning of June," -- Guizhou Province flooding on 06/16/00: "the heaviest rains in 400 years...Duyun was submerged under 1.5 and three metres of water after ... a river flowing through the town to burst its banks" -- No suitable AVHRR data located
7 Near Hong Kong and Macau, Shenzhen, Zhuhai area, Zhongshan 04/13/00 - 04/16/00 15 dead; 21,000 sq kms affected
 
The flooding was especially bad in Shenzhen, the special economic zone (SEZ) located just north of Hong Kong, where six people were killed and five counted as missing"

INDIA

Sn Areas affected Dates Notes
1 --West Bengal State - Districts: Murshidabad, Birbhum, Nadia, Bardhaman, Hoogly, Howrah, Midnapore, North Dinajpur, Bankura, 24 Parganas. Towns: Mayapur, Salar, Bharatpur, Baroan, Kandi, Katwa, Muraroi, Calcutta. -- Bihar State - Districts: Munger, Bhalagpur, Dumka, Sahebganj, Deogarh, Madhupur, Josidih, Sheikhpura and Banka. Rivers: Ganges, Kosi, Bagmati, Burhi Ganduk, Hoogly, Kharia, Ichamati and Jamuna. Reservoirs discharged on Damodar, Mayurakshi and Ajoy Rivers. Water levels begin to recede in West Bengal on Oct 2. 09/18/00 - 10/21/00  1,358 dead; 20,000,000 homeless; US $ 700,000,000 lost; 155,000 sq kms affected.
 
Flooding is common in the eastern India and Bangladesh at this time of year, but it is usually not as extensive or sudden." ... "Besides the flash floods triggered by incessant torrential storms, the disaster is also man made. Sluice gates of at least three dams were opened to stop the water barriers from bursting. This not only worsened the situation in West Bengal but the overspill of water entered the neighboring Bangladesh rendering nearly 100,000 people homeless" ... "The floodwaters have drowned much of the Indian-Bangladesh border under 10 feet (3 meters) of water." -- Bangladesh: "The week-long floods have inundated the country's 10 western border districts, spared from devastating floods in 1998 when more than 1,200 people died. "
 
2 Maharashtra State -  "low-lying areas" 08/30/00 - 08/31/00   40 dead; thousands homeless; 36,850 sq kms affected
"Swirling rivers from the neighboring flood-battered Andhra Pradesh state carried the water into the Maharashtra state and flooded low-lying areas. India's Star TV news says that thousands of people have been evacuated from the low-lying areas" 
3 Uttar Pradesh State -  Districts: Sidharthnagar, Gonda, Balrampur, Shravast, Bahraich, Raebareli and Barabanki. Regions: Farrukhabad, Badau, Hardoi and Pratapgarh. Towns: Bijnour, Azamgarh. Rivers: Ganges, Yamuna and Ghaghra. -- Bihar State - "Rivers Ganga, Burhi Gandak, Kosi, Bagmati and Punpun were all in spate affecting about five million people in over 2,146 villages in 21 north and central Bihar districts" 08/29/00 - 09/13/00  508 dead; 223,200 sq kms affected
 
Uttar Pradesh officials said major rivers were in spate in the sprawling province adjoining the Indian capital and added that relief and rescue operations were underway. They said the 31 died in the past 48 hours in eight flooded Uttar Pradesh districts. The latest deaths have taken the flood-related death toll in Uttar Pradesh to 226 since the onset of the monsoon in June" 
4 Andhra Pradesh State -  Hyderabad city, also13 districts in the state including: Guntur, Kurnool, Prakasam, Khammam, Rayalaseema, Nalgonda, Krishna, Nandial, East and West Godavari. River: Godavari. Aug 26 - a dam burst near Hyderabad. Aug 31 - Godivari River begins to recede. 08/23/00 08/31/00  162 dead; 3,000,000 homeless; 129,500 sq kms affected
 
More than 90 neighborhoods in Hyderabad were submerged under 5 to 15 feet (1.5 to 4.5 meters) of water and hundreds of people were stranded on rooftops. A bridge in the heart of the city was damaged." ... "floods, which have inundated vaste swathes of Andra Pradesh including the state capital Hyderabad" -- August 31 -"water levels in the main Godavari river fell back below danger point"
5 States: Assam, Bihar, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh. Districts: 17 Distritcts in Assam including Nalbari, Assams, Kokrajhar, Sonitpur; also Katihar, Kumaon, Pithoragarh, Nainital. Towns: Guwahati, Tezpur, Sitamarhi. Majuli Island. Rivers: Brahmaputra and its tributaries, Bagmati, Kosi, Gandak, Murigandak, Kamlabalan, Mahananada, Adhwara, Ganges, Bhagra, Ganga, Burhi Gandak, Bagmati and Punpun.
 
08/02/00 - 08/29/00 300 dead; 4,000,000 displaced; 324,400 sq kms affected
 
In all countries involved, landslides accompany the flooding. -- India: "The Assam government has sounded a maximum alert with the Brahmpautra flowing at least five metres (16 feet) above the danger mark." -- "In all, 3,568 villages in 16 districts have been inundated and crops in more than 197,031 hectares damaged. More than three million people have been affected by the floods." --
6 States: Himachal Pradesh, Punjab. Districts: Kullu, Mandi, Bhawa, Nathpa-Jhakri, Kinnaur, Rampur; Towns: Chandigarh, Arth, Rampur, Tattapani; River: Sutlej 07/31/00 - 08/03/00 140 dead; 4,000 displaced; 12,400 sq kms affected
 
Flash floods due to torrential rains in Tibet. -- Flooding along a 180-mile stretch of the Sutlej River. Sutlej River reached levels 40 feet above normal
7 West coast 7/17/00 140 dead
 
"Unending monsoon rains continued to cause flooding along India's west coast where the death toll was up to 140 on Saturday."
8 States: Assam and Arunachel Pradesh. Kaziranga National Park; six districts, districts of Upper Siang, West Siang and East Siang. Towns: Pasighat, Boleng, Sika-bamin, Komlighat, Raneghat, Tezu, Mahadevpur, Yingkiang, Tuting. Rivers: Brahmaputra, Siang, Lohit, Noa-dihing  06/10/00 - 7/10/00 30 dead; 50,000 displaced; 55,000 sq kms affected
 
"worst flood to hit Arunachal Pradesh since 1959"  -- June 26"The United News of India reported that the floods have inundated 250 communities in six districts and affected almost a quarter of a million people. " -- "Preliminary findings suggest the floods in Arunachal Pradesh were due to the breach of a dam on the Tsangpo, as the river makes a turn to enter India" -- On April 9 a large landslide occurred that blocked the Yigong Zangbo River (a Bramaputra tributary) in eastern Tibet. A lake formed behind the earth dam which was breached on June 11, causing the flash floods downriver in Arunachal Pradesh, India

NEPAL

Sn Areas affected Dates Notes
1 Districts: Bhadrapur, Nawalparasi, Kailali. Villages: Dhajaha, Narayanpur. Rivers: Ratuwa, Narayani, Karnali. -- see also DFO-2000061 and DFO-2000031 08/02/00 - 08/29/00 106 dead; 4,000 displaced.